The Victorian age - Reform
After French Revolution, Britain had turned politically conservative. The First Reform Bill (1832) excluded the working classes and only property ownership can vote.
These factors gave the beginning of Chartist movement. There were 6 points:
1) Votes for all males
2) annually elected parliaments
3) payment of Members of Parliament (so that also working-class men could become MPs --> parlamentari)
4) secret voting
5) abolition of the property qualification for candidates seeking election
6) the establishment of electoral districts equal in population.
Also in this period there were positive aspects, such as technological innovations:
1) Steam-powered machinery
2) Development of Railways (faster)
3) Mail service
5) Printing (proliferation of literary)
So there were general feelings of Optimism.