Sustainable development means making sure that people in every part of the world can satisfy their basic needs now, while guaranteeing the same quality of life to future generations. It allows poor people to improve their lives permanently and that of their children in future years, giving them dignified work, paying them fair wages and protecting their territory and culture.
Sustainability is particularly important in tourism because gives local inhabitants the possibility to work for tour companies or to provide other services such as transport, restaurants or food supplies and makes sure that their culture and the environment remain undamaged.
In sustainable tourism, tourists should be prepared to use local services and to pay a fair price to the local community for every service offered; in turn, the local inhabitants should provide a good service which is worth the price asked. In fact, when tourists eat locally grown produce, this will be benefit the local farmers, reduce pollution and offer a new eating experience.
Responsible tourism is a form of sustainable tourism which asks also individual tourists to take responsibility for their action when organizing or having a holiday. So, it helps tourists to understand, appreciate and support the local community.
So, responsible tourism can be defined as a tourism “that creates better places for people to live in, and better places to visit.
One of the fundamental aspects of responsible tourism concerns the local population: employing local people in resorts helps people in poorer destinations to improve their lives and offers a point of contact between the local community and the tourist.
World Responsible Tourism Day is celebrated annually during November and includes meetings and conferences all over the world.