Nutrition during pregnancy
The pregnant woman has to provide for her own nutritional need and those of the foetus. Therefore she needs extra nutrients in addition to what she requires as an adult.
Guidelines for good nutrition during pregnancy:
1. Her meals must be balanced.
2. She should increase her intake of protein (body-building food). This is necessary for the formation of new tissues. Examples of body building foods are liver, meat and meat products, fish, eggs, beans, etc.
3. She needs increased intake of such minerals as iron for blood, calcium for bones. These she can get from milk, sea foods, vegetables, fruits etc.
4. Extra vitamins are necessary for good health.
5. She requires to drink enough water daily.
6. She should avoid extra carbohydrates in order to prevent over weight.
7. Greasy foods should be avoided to prevent digestive upsets.
8. Roughage from fruits and vegetables can improve digestion and bowel movement.
9. There should be a proper balance between energy intake and energy output in order to prevent over weight. Active women for example those involved in farm work may need more energy food than those who do not do strenuous work.
Possible effects of poor nutrition during pregnancy:
1. Low birth weight.
2. Different forms of malformation in the child.
3. Mother's health might be affected too.
There are lots of things that may occur in the period during the child's development related to the lack of certain vitamins and proteins for body building and protection.