FuturismFuturism is offshot of Cubism, and is a movement founded in Italy by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, who, in 1909, published an official Manifesto, embodying the ideas of a new art based on the destruction of the pas, the glorification of war, an admiration for speed and machines and for universal dynamism. In the respect, it was different from Cubism, which is based on static conditions. An English èainter associated with Cubism and Futurism was David Bomberg, who was, however, an indipendent figure, and made a substantial contribution to the avant-garde art of the years before World War I.
VorticismThe union of Futurism and Cubism gave origin to Vorticism, a literary and artistic movement launched in 1912 by Wyndham Lewis.
Vorticism extolled abstract art, the beauty of machines and dynamism. The leaders were Lewis and David Bomberg, but the movement had a short life, and the First World War put an end to such pioneering tendencies.
The last pre-war painters combined elements of modernism with traditional characteristics. The dominant figure was Stanley Spencer, a visionary and enigmatic painter, who combined traditional care for detail with the modern characteristic of extrime freedom of form and content.
Other important inter-war painters were Edward Burra, Cedric Morris and Dod Procter, much appreciated for her pure treatment of form.